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Young Children

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. "Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia may experience difficulties in other language skills, such as spelling, writing, and speaking. Dyslexia is a life-long status, however, its impact can change at different stages in a person's life. It is referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed academically in the typical instructional environment." -Taken from The International Dyslexia Association (IDA)

Facts about dyslexia

  • 1 out of 5 children in the United States is affected by dyslexia.
  • Dyslexia is the leading cause of reading failure and school dropouts in our nation.
  • Early intervention is essential for these individuals.
  • Children will not outgrow reading failure or dyslexia.
  • Most importantly…reading failure caused by dyslexia is highly preventable through direct, explicit instruction in phonemic awareness.

Structured literacy programs like ours are the answer!

Our tutoring is:

  • One-on-One
  • Systematic
  • Multi-Sensory
  • Effective
  • Orton-Gillingham Method (Structured Literacy)

Warning Signs of Dyslexia


The symptoms of dyslexia may surprise you. They include difficulty reading but also difficulty tying shoe laces, difficulty making rhymes and being late in establishing a dominant hand. Though these are mostly indirect indicators of dyslexia, they are also among most reliable.

Still, one should always proceed cautiously in trying to identify dyslexia because it ranges in strength from mild to severe and symptoms can vary significantly from person to person. Further, a lack of exposure to reading and words can mimic dyslexia.

The first indicators of dyslexia usually appear long before the first lesson on the ABCs. Our list of dyslexia warning signs below are arranged by the developmental age at which they can first be seen. Yes, you can know very early—so don't let anyone tell you to delay.

Warning Signs


  • Family history of reading difficulty
  • Delayed speech
  • Apprehension about attending school

In Preschool

  • Mixing up sounds in long words (such as bisgetti instead of spaghetti or aminal instead of animal)
  • Trouble rhyming words
  • Persistent left/right confusion
  • Difficulty learning to tie shoes
  • Trouble memorizing the alphabet, home address or phone number

In Elementary School

  • Reversing letters after the first grade
  • Slow, choppy, inaccurate reading
  • Frequent guessing at unknown words
  • Trouble remembering sight words
  • Terrible spelling
  • Slow, non-automatic handwriting
  • Difficulty finding the correct word when speaking
  • Especially messy bedroom, backpack, or desk

In Middle/High School

All of the above plus:

  • Limited vocabulary
  • Extremely poor written expression
  • Poor grades in many classes
  • Inability mastering a foreign language
  • At risk for dropping out of school